In Zekaisivarsi, cases are inflections of substantives that indicate their grammatical roles in a clause. They show relations between a substantive and another word in a clause, such as a substantive or factive.
Development of cases Edit
In Pre-Zekaisivarsi, the typical word order was SOV, meaning that the agent was introduced, then the patient, and then the act. Over time, the need for disambiguation of the roles of multiple substantives increased as the various tribes developed complex social systems. Due to the diversity of the Zekaiseii people and their language, the case systems are not strictly defined.
Description of cases Edit
The particular cases vary according to dialect.
Common Standard Zekaisivarsi uses a system of nominative-accusative alignment in which the subject of both a transitive verb and an intransitive verb is in the nomimative case while the object of a transitive verb is in the accusative case.
Basic cases Edit
The basic cases indicate who performed an action (agent), who experienced the action (patient), and who was in any way affected by the action (indirect object).
The nominative case (jur wai - state of bringing about, state of doing) is the case that marks a substantive as a subject of a verb. It is the bare stem of a substantive.
Accusative case (jur uera) Edit
The accusative case (jur uera - state of suffering, experiencing, undergoing) is the case that marks a substantive as a direct object of a verb.
Dative case Edit
The dative case marks a substantive as an indirect object of a verb.